Texture (fine art; photographic composition)
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) gives the meaning of the word ‘texture’ in the fine arts as…
The representation of the structure and minute moulding of a surface (esp. of the skin), as distinct from its colour.
If we were unable to see, woven cloth would feel slightly upstanding, a little rough and of a regular, repeating pattern. This ‘feel’ would guide our use of the term texture.
In a photograph we cannot feel the fine upstanding grain of things with our fingers. However, we can see the variations in pattern, shape and form which are defined by the colours, light and shadows. Indeed, in some photographs the variation in the light and the dark are so convincing that we can almost ‘feel’ the texture although it is not there. It is this three dimensional ‘feel’ that convinces us there is a ‘texture’ on the page. Referring to a texture in an image suggests the eye is fooled into believing that the depth, roughness and pattern in the image is real.